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The cell wall constituents of Leuconostoc citrovorum , L. All three strains contained glycerol. Glucose and rhamnose were the major reducing sugar constituents. Alanine, glutamic acid, lysine, glucosamine, and muramic acid were the principal amino acids and amino sugars in all three strains. In addition, strain a contained l -serine as a major cell wall component. Quantitative amino acid analyses indicate that glutamic acid, lysine, glucosamine, muramic acid, and serine may be present in the cell walls in equimolar amounts and that alanine is present in three to four times these quantities.
The similarities and differences between the cell wall constituents of the leuconostocs and those of the lactobacilli and streptococci are discussed. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List J Bacteriol v. J Bacteriol. Sheila J.
Harney , Nicholas D. Simopoulos , and Miyoshi Ikawa. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Portions of this work were performed by S. Copyright notice. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.
Abstract The cell wall constituents of Leuconostoc citrovorum , L. Composition of teichoic acids from a number of bacterial walls. The occurrence and location of teichoic acids in lactobacilli. J Gen Microbiol. Phosphorus assay in column chromatography. J Biol Chem. The cell walls of streptococci. The chemical composition of the cell wall in some gram-positive bacteria and its possible value as a taxonomic character.
Reclassification of Leuconostoc mesenteroides P. Cell wall composition of lactic acid bacteria. The identity of strain P of Leuconostoc mesenteroides. A modified procedure for the automatic analysis of amino acids. Anal Biochem. Studies of the bacterial cell wall. Wall composition and sensitivity to lysozyme. Biochim Biophys Acta. The estimation of glycogen with the anthrone reagent. Arch Biochem. Cell-wall composition and the grouping antigens of Streptococci.
Cell wall constituents of Leuconostoc citrovorum and Leuconostoc mesenteroides.
Leuconostoc  is a genus of gram-positive bacteria , placed within the family of Leuconostocaceae. They are generally ovoid cocci often forming chains. Leuconostoc spp. All species within this genus are heterofermentative and are able to produce dextran from sucrose. They are generally slime-forming. Blamed for causing the 'stink' when creating a sourdough starter , some species are also capable of causing human infection. In this process, fresh cabbage is fermented in a light brine , where the sugars in the cabbage are transformed by lactofermentation to lactic acid which gives the cabbage a sour flavour and good keeping qualities.