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In the ancient town of Eshnunna—a Sumerian later Akkadian town and city-state in Mesopotamia identified today as Tell Asmar in Iraq—people had a code of laws which governed them. The image, at the top of this page, depicts the two volumes of the Eshnunna Code.
It is online via the University of Saskatchewan. Scholars believe that the Laws of Eshnunna pre-date the Code of Hammurabi, although they are not sure by how many years. The likely date for the Eshnunna Code is sometime in the 20th Century B.
One of the laws explicitly deals with the subject of mad dogs, verifying that rabies was a problem thousands of years ago. The law prescribes what the owner of a rabid dog must pay in compensation:.
If a dog is mad and the authorities have brought the fact to the knowledge of its owners; if he does not keep it in, it bites a man and caused his death, then the owner shall pay two thirds of a mina 40 shekels in silver.
If it bites a slave and causes his death he shall pay fifteen shekels of silver. Image of the "Laws of Eshnunna," online via University of Saskatchewan. Map depicting location of Eshnunna, in ancient Mesopotamia, by "Mapmaster. For Access to AwesomeStories Subscribe now! Toggle navigation. The law prescribes what the owner of a rabid dog must pay in compensation: If a dog is mad and the authorities have brought the fact to the knowledge of its owners; if he does not keep it in, it bites a man and caused his death, then the owner shall pay two thirds of a mina 40 shekels in silver.
This map depicts the location of Eshnunna in ancient Mesopotamia. Click on the top image for a better view. Nov 13, Jun 04, Share This. This is Awesome! Questions to Ponder? Media Stream. Eshnunna Location. Eshnunna Votives. Story Origin. Places Book Culture. Registration for an Awesome Stories account is quick and free.
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Law Code of Eshnunna and Mad Dogs
The Laws of Eshnunna abrv. The Iraqi Directorate of Antiquities headed by Taha Baqir unearthed two parallel sets of tablets in and The two tablets are separate copies of an older source and date back to ca. The differences between the Code of Hammurabi and the Laws of Eshnunna significantly contributed to illuminating the development of ancient and cuneiform law. Eshnunna was north of Ur on the Tigris River and became politically important after the fall of the third dynasty of Ur, founded by Ur-Nammu. In distinction from the other Mesopotamian collections of law, this one got its name after the city where it had originated — Eshnunna , located on the bank of the Diyala River , tributary to the Tigris. This collection of laws is not a real systemized codex ; nearly sixty of its sections are preserved.
Laws of Eshnunna