In , she joined the faculty of Yale University as an instructor in maternity nursing. She became an assistant professor of obstetric nursing in Wiedenbach died in Ernestine Wiedenbach developed the conceptual model of nursing called the Helping Art of Clinical Nursing , which was influenced by the works of Ida Orlando. A person receiving health-related education would qualify as a patient.

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Help can include care, teaching, and advice. In this nursing theory , a patient does not need to be ill or injured since health education qualifies someone as a patient. The nurse is a functioning human being who not only acts, but thinks and feels. A nurse uses his or her knowledge in his or her role.

Knowledge encompasses all that has been perceived and grasped by the human mind. It may be factual, speculative, or practical. Sound judgment is the result of disciplined functioning of mind and emotions, and improves with expanded knowledge, as well as increased clarity of professional purpose. In the theory, nursing skills are carried out in order to achieve a specific patient-centered purpose rather than the completion of the skill itself being the end goal.

Skills are made up of a variety of actions, and are characterized by harmony of movement, precision, and the effective use of self. The Helping Art of Clinical Nursing addresses the definition of a person, as well. The theory states that each person, whether a nurse or patient, has a unique potential to develop self-sustaining resources. People tend to be independent and fulfill their own responsibilities. Wiedenbach identifies four main elements of clinical nursing.

They are a philosophy, a purpose, a practice, and the art. The three essential components associated with nursing philosophy are a reverence for life; respect for the dignity, worth, autonomy, and individuality of each human being; and a resolution to act on personally and professionally held beliefs. It is all the activities directed toward the overall good of the patient. The nurse also focuses on prevention of complications that can come up due to re-occurrence, or the development of new concerns.

Within the model is the prescriptive theory based on three factors: the central purpose which the nurse recognizes as essential to the particular discipline, the prescription for the fulfillment of the central purpose, and the realities in the immediate situation that influence the central purpose.

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Ernestine Wiedenbach Theory

Her family moved to New York in She received a B. Wiedenbach joined the Yale faculty in as an instructor in maternity nursing. She was named an assistant professor of obstetric nursing in and an associate professor in , when the Yale School of Nursing established a master's degree program under which she directed the major in maternal and newborn health nursing.


Ernestine Wiedenbach

A descriptive, historical research study of the life and career path of Ernestine Wiedenbach was conducted. A productive career spanning five decades included accomplishments in prepared childbirth education, family-centered maternity care, nurse-midwifery education, and nursing theory. Wiedenbach's prescriptive theory of nursing with its focus on "clarity of central purpose" stands out as an important early professional achievement of this practitioner, educator, author, and theorist. It represents one of Wiedenbach's many pioneer contributions to nursing as well as to the foundation of the philosophy and goals of nurse-midwifery practice and education. This site needs JavaScript to work properly.


Ernestine Wiedenbach. Her Professional Legacy

From page Wiedenbach, E. The American journal of nursing, 70 5 , — Four components of clinical nursing: philosophy, purpose, practice and art. Goal-directed nursing care Helping process Deliberative nursing care. The purpose of clinical nursing is to help individuals to overcome barriers to respond to a particular situation. This purpose is the embodiment of meeting needs for help, which implies goal-directed, deliberate, patient-centered practice actions that require the following: 1 knowledge factual, speculative, and practical , 2 judgment, and 3 skills procedural and communication.


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Ernestine Wiedenbach was an early nursing leader who is probably best known for her work in theory development and maternal infant nursing. About the Theorist. Ernestine Wiedenbach — professional educator, writer, practices as nurse-midwife. New York: Springer. She never married and died at the age of 97 on March 8,

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