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These facts suggest that Berossus was born ca. Except for his move, perhaps in the s b. Only one work by Berossus is attested, the Babyloniaca , a history of Babylon in three books intended to correct Greek misconceptions about Babylon, which was probably written in b.

As the work was little read in antiquity, hardly any trace remains of it in its original form, but extensive fragments of an abridgment of it made by the first-century b. Jewish historian Flavius Josephus and the fourth-century a. The Babyloniaca was a history of Babylon conceived and structured in accordance with traditional Babylonian views of man and his place in the world. As the fragments make clear, Berossus provided no connected account of Iranian affairs but only noted those episodes in which Iranian actions directly affected Babylon.

Likewise, only those Achaemenid rulers were mentioned who were recognized at Babylon and then only in their capacity as kings of Babylon. Hence his omission of the brief reign of Bardiya b. In contrast, his treatment of the Achaemenids or, at least, of Cyrus I was favorable since he is said to have treated the last king of Babylon, Nabonidus b. The standard edition of the fragments of Berossus and Abydenus is F.

Jacoby, Die Fragmente der griechischen Historiker , vol. Still valuable, however, is the older edition by P. Schnabel, Berossus und die babylonisch-hellenistische Literatur , Leipzig, Important recent studies are G. Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online. If you enter several tags, separate with commas. Topic select a topic Bibliography : The standard edition of the fragments of Berossus and Abydenus is F.

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Encyclopædia Iranica

Berossus [a] was a Hellenistic -era Babylonian writer, a priest of Bel Marduk [2] and astronomer who wrote in the Koine Greek language, and who was active at the beginning of the 3rd century BC. Versions of two excerpts of his writings survive, at several removes from the original. Certain astrological fragments recorded by Pliny the Elder , Censorinus , Flavius Josephus , and Marcus Vitruvius Pollio are also attributed to Berossus, but are of unknown provenance, or indeed are uncertain as to where they might fit into his History. Vitruvius credits him with the invention of the semi-circular sundial hollowed out of a cubical block. A separate work, Procreatio , is attributed to him by the Latin commentaries on Aratus , Commentariorium in Aratum Reliquiae , but there is no proof of this connection. However, a direct citation name and title is rare in antiquity, and it may have referred to Book 1 of his History. According to Vitruvius's work de Architectura , he relocated eventually to the island of Kos off the coast of Asia Minor and established a school of astrology there [6] by the patronage of the king of Egypt.



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