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On 15 October , Genrick Altshuller was born. The person we are going to discuss is unique. He is unique not just because he developed an amazing science.
He is unique because he never asked for anything in return. At the end of the letter he. This theory could produce invaluable results and revolutionize the technical world. The harsh answer to this letter did not arrive until two years later. He spent many years in Baku, the Capital of Azerbaidzhan. Since he has resided in Petrozavodsk, Karelia. In the tenth grade he built a boat having a rocket engine that used carbide for fuel.
In , he developed his first mature invention, a method for escaping from an immobilized submarine without diving gear. This invention was immediately classified as a military secret — and Altshuller. The head of that patent department was a man who indulged in fantasies.
He asked Altshuller to find a solution to one fantasy: find a military diversion to help a soldier trapped behind enemy lines with no resources.
In response, Altshuller invented a new kind of weapon — an extremely noxious chemical substance made from common medical drugs.
This invention was a success, and the inventor was brought to meet Mr. Beria, the head of the KGB in Moscow. Altshuller was a successful young inventor. What triggered his desire to write a letter to Stalin that would destroy his career and change his life forever? Dozens of people came to his office. What can I do? Altshuller shared his ideas with his former schoolmate Rafael Shapiro, an inventor driven to achieve maximum success. By this time, Altshuller had already learned that invention is nothing more than the removal of a technical contradiction with the help of certain principles.
Invention is certain if an inventor possesses knowledge of these principles. Shapiro was excited about this discovery and suggested that they should immediately write a letter to Stalin to get his support. Altshuller and Shapiro prepared themselves. They searched for new methods, studied all the existing patents and took part in inventing competitions.
They even received a National Competition Award for inventing a flame and heat resistant suit. Suddenly, they were asked to come to Tbilisi, a town in Georgia.
They were arrested as they arrived and, two days later, their interrogation began. This happened in During the day, he was not allowed to sleep. Altshuller understood that he could not survive under these conditions. He stated the problem: How can I sleep and not sleep at the same time? The task seemed unsolvable.
The most rest he was permitted was to sit with his eyes open. This meant that, in order to sleep, his eyes must be open and closed at the same time. This was easy. Two pieces of paper were torn from a cigarette package. With a charred match, he drew a pupil on each piece of paper. He was thus able to sleep for several days in a row.
His interrogator wondered why Altshuller seemed fresh every night. Here survival was much simpler. He befriended the prisoners by telling them many fictional stories he new by heart. Later, Altshuller was transferred to a camp were the older intelligentsia — scientists, lawyers, architects — were slowly dying. Nobody believed that this young inventor was working in the mines for the first time. Everybody thought he was tricking them.
The chief engineer did not want to hear that TRIZ methods were helping. One night, Altshuller heard that Stalin had died. A year and a half later, Altshuller was released. Upon his return to Baku he learned that his mother, having lost all hope of ever seeing her son, committed suicide.
For scientists who study the creative process it was as if a bomb had exploded. Until that time, Soviet and foreign psychologists believed it a fact that inventions were born through accidental enlightenment — the sudden spark of an idea.
After analyzing a fund of worldwide patents, Altshuller offered a different method based on the results of human inventive activity. Invention derives from a problem analysis revealing a contradiction. After studying , patents, Altshuller concluded that there are about 1, technical contradictions that can be resolved relatively easily by applying fundamental principles.
Altov wrote his fictions utilizing his inventive ideas. In Altshuller wrote his first book How to Learn to Invent. In this small book he laughs at the popular opinion that one must be born an inventor. He criticizes the trial and error method used to make discoveries.
Fifty thousand readers, each paying only 25 kopecks [25 cents], learned the first 20 inventive methods of TRIZ. He asked for a chance to prove his theory. Nine years later, after writing hundreds of letters, he finally got his answer.
His requested seminar on inventive methodology would be held in Dsintary, Georgia, not later than December of It was the first ever seminar on TRIZ. There for the first time he met people who had considered themselves his students. These young engineers — and later many others — would open TRIZ schools in their cities.
In Altshuller published a new book: Algorithm of Inventing. In this book he gave his readers and students 40 Principles, and the first algorithm to solve complex inventive problems. Voluslav Mitrofanov, the founder of Leningrad University of Technical Creativity, told a story about Robert Anglin, a prominent inventor from Leningrad. Once, Anglin — who has over 40 inventions developed through the agony of trial and error creativity — came to a TRIZ seminar.
He was very quiet during the TRIZ training session. After everyone had left, he was still sitting at the table, covering his head with his hands. This is an excerpt from an article written by Leonid Lerner and published in the Russian Magazine Ogonek in Remember Me. Log in. Moments Genrick Altshuller Who is Altshuller? This invention was immediately classified as a military secret — and Altshuller was offered employment in the patent department of the Caspian Sea Military Navy.
Projects don't always run smoothly. Even with all the analysis and data you need at your fingertips, sometimes you just can't see a way forward. At times like these, you need to develop creative solutions to the problems you face. But brainstorming depends on intuition and the existing knowledge of team members, and its results are often unpredictable and unrepeatable. TRIZ, however, is a problem-solving philosophy based on logic, data and research, rather than on intuition. It draws on the past knowledge and ingenuity of thousands of engineers to speed up creative problem solving for project teams. Its approach brings repeatability, predictability and reliability to the problem-solving process and delivers a set of dependable tools.
What is TRIZ and How can it be used in Problem Solving or Brainstorming?
TRIZ is a problem solving and brainstorming technique that has been growing in popularity, especially among design engineers. What is TRIZ, and why is it such a powerful tool for product development and other business applications? Why is this? First of all, group problem solving and psychologically based techniques are inherently limited by the experiences and knowledge of the problem solvers. No amount of stimulation of any sort can create knowledge that is not there in the first place.